Rocca di Botte has very ancient origins, here was born in 1125 S. Pietro Eremita. From 1173 the family of Montanea exercised its power in Rocca di Botte, in the fifteenth century it was the turn of the Orsini family and in the sixteenth century of the Colonna family, under which it reached its maximum splendor. At the top of the village stands the castle, enlarged between the 15th and 16th centuries. In this period Rocca di Botte was invested with the activity of artists, as shown by the sixteenth-century frescoes of S. Maria della Febbre. In 1557, however, the town was destroyed by the Duke of Alba and later also looted, following a rebellion of the population to the sublime abbot Scipione Colonna. In the nineteenth century Rocca di Botte, aggregated to the municipality of Pereto together with Oricola, began a long struggle for its own administrative autonomy, conquered in the early twentieth century.